Aliens, what you never really wanted to know!

This treatise was prepared especially for the (www.garlitsdon.com) web site. Nothing in this document is to be taken personally. In my opinion, this is the history of our planet, not what you may have been taught for your entire life. This document gets an update every few weeks.


I assume that if you have this paper that you have more than a passing interest in UFOs, Aliens, Flying Saucers, Extraterrestrial life forms, Atlantis, Press blackouts and Government cover-ups/conspiracies. This paper in no way covers the entire subject, it is just a small sampling of information I have gathered from books, videos, friends, private sources and observations of the past fifty years. New information comes to me every week or so and when I think it has merit, I include it in this work, so check the date at the top of the page and see if you have a current copy. Now I know that this information is not 100% correct, nothing is, but it’s a hundred times better than the information you were taught in the Government Schools! So get yourself a beer, open up your mind, hang on to your "keisters" and get ready to go on a real life adventure that is in my opinion the most earth shaking news since the Human race started keeping records about 6000 years ago in Sumar.I would like to start by saying that after you have read this paper, some of you will never be the same. However some of you will think I’m a stark raving maniac, I could care less! Remember that I’m only sharing with you some of what I have learned about UFO’s, Aliens and Flying Saucers. After an intensive ten year plus study, reading over hundred plus books (the number grows each week) and fifty years of realizing the Federal Government has been lying through it’s teeth to the American people and the world, this is my conclusion. The hard evidence is the ancient stone monuments found around the world. UFO’s that’s the subject, but you cannot explain them as a separate entity, they are only a small part of the really big picture.

?Two Big Secrets

In my humble opinion, there are only two basic secrets in the universes (there are over a thousand universes, according to the Aliens) hidden from mankind, Immortality and Star Travel. Star Travel requires that you have the capability to manipulate time, space and matter. By immortality, I mean the ability to live for thousands of years, not forever, as in the Supreme Creator/God, which ever is best for you. The Aliens have mastered both of these sciences. I personally believe that the two secrets are tied together, knowing about one is automatically having knowledge about the other! We humans are quite a few years, thousands, could be millions, behind the Aliens in this department. When you have attained these two abilities, nothing else matters, except your Soul, for everything is at your disposal and your only problem is the other beings with the same abilities! But the universes are a very big places and there should be plenty of "worlds" to go around, but I’m sure there are some confrontations from time to time over special places like our earth. Considering all this, at the present time, there are many races of Aliens visiting "our" planet Earth. At the Disclosure Project a retired Sargent from the US Air Force, testified that he worked on a "Crashed UFO Retrieval Team". He had cataloged over 57 Alien species! No one knows how many races have visited Earth during the last 100 million plus years, but you can bet it’s quite a few! Retired Sgt. Dean was the UFO investigator for NATO for thirty years and he says that NATO was aware of about seven species visiting earth during that time frame. NATO thought the Aliens meant no harm to the human race because they had not attacked earth during the thirty-year investigation. Why should they, we don’t attack our cows, horses or pigs!?

The ProofHuman footprints, complete with modern shoes have been found fossilized in the strata in California, side by side with dinosaur footprints. These fossilized prints predate upright Apes/Hominids over 65 million years! This proves that intelligent human being (from where?) were on this planet doing something when the dinosaurs "roamed"(not ruled) the earth. A rock hunter’s chipping hammer was found in Texas in the stone strata, millions of years old, complete with the wooden handle partially coalified. This is the type of hammer that would be used by modern people rock hunting. This hammer has to be millions of years old, someone needs to explain this to me for I’m a little dense. If we humans have only been here for several thousand years and intelligent only ten thousand, how do we account for the modern chipping hammer? Whole books have been written about these types of abnormalities that can only be explained by Alien visitors to this planet since it came into being. There are some very old and intelligent civilizations out there. The average person, only reads the sports pages or the comic section, real books are boring. We are not alone in the Universe, and I’m sorry if that bothers you, but facts are facts.


Much has been written about the legendary Atlantis, but did it really exist or was it just the ramblings of Plato? Colin Wilson and Rand Flem-Ath in their new book, "The Atlantis Blueprint" purposes it was for real. This was an advanced civilization that dealt with metallurgy, ships sailing the world's oceans and mines scattered all over the planet. Atlantis was in their opinion, what is now Antarctica, two miles under the ice! Antarctica is a continent larger than the United States. Of course when the North Pole was in the Hudson Bay, (9600 years ago) Antarctica was warm, positioned in the South Indian Ocean. This would be a perfect climate for an industrialized civilization. The United States has, as this is written, an expedition to the South Pole doing some secret exploratory work. Also, we know that there is a warm lake under the ice at the South Pole, which creates a 2000-foot high dome under the ice! At one end of this lake is a large metal object, deposit or something that cannot be explained? If it were proved that this ancient civilization existed, and I believe it did, this would explain a lot of the strange artifacts found all over the planet. When the poles started to shift, about 12,000 years ago, Atlantis was destroyed, a large number of Atlantians survived, they escaped to other continents. How else could the Mayas have known about the existence of the planets Uranus and Neptune without telescopes? This was thousands of years before Western Astronomers discovered them! The Mayas has information about the Solar system that would not shame a modern Astronomer Royal. I think that Atlantis was an Alien colony hundreds of thousands of years ago. I could go on and on but let it suffice, you need to read "The Atlantis Blueprint".

What about God?

I would like at this time to state for the record, that I believe in the Supreme Creator/God and His manifestation on Earth in the human form as Jesus Christ. Our Lord Jesus came to earth to teach the Human race how to live in peace with each other and become a civilized, loving species. I do not think the current modern Bible has the story completely correct. This is do to the hundreds of different translations, interpretations and CHANGES made through out the ages by the Kings (Constantine I) and the "Church". Whole "Books" have been removed from the original texts by "men", who did they think they were, God? No, these books were removed because they would have explained this story a little better, and the leadership did not want the masses to know the truth. Charles Darwin was full of crap with his evolution theory, as all species on this planet have suddenly appeared, sexually complete and with a DNA blueprint. Then in about a million years generally go extinct. This proves creation but by who? We just don’t know where or when it all started, no more than we could understand how God came into being in the Beginning. There may not even be a beginning, as we?humans would understand it. Just as we can’t understand how, if we could travel in any direction, in a straight line forever and never come to the end of the Universe. Even if we did come to the end, what would be on the other side of the end? This is "heavy" stuff for our "little finite" minds.

The Devil, Hell and the Church

As for the devil or hell, this is a very controversial subject. I don’t understand the devil-hell theory. Why would any all-powerful God allow something like the devil to even exist. Even stupid humans don’t allow mistakes to continue to exist in the breeding of dogs, horses, cows, etc, so why would the Supreme Creator/God? I think the "Church", in order to force people to support and promote its doctrine, invented religion and the devil. To this end the church has done an excellent job. If you are an evil person, when you die, so does your consciousness. Remember the Biblical quote, "The wages of sin are death"? I take this literally, however if you are a believer and a good person, you will join the Supreme Creator/God upon death. Your loved ones will be there to greet you on arrival. You won’t find Bundy in Heaven, even though he "Confessed" his sins before God just before he was executed. You need to think about all this logically, don’t let other people think for you, personally I prefer to think for myself. If you watch TV constantly, it is impossible to think, and all you will know is what the Government and the people who run this planet want you to know, which is very little. Stupid people are easy to rule. That is why it was against the law to teach the black slaves to read and write before the Civil War! However ignorance is bliss, and what you don’t know won’t hurt you!

?My Personal Sightings

I saw my first UFO in 1944, I didn’t know at the time that is was an Alien Craft, I was only twelve years old and as a child thought it was some kind of a secret flying machine for Army Air Corps. It appeared high in the sky over North Tampa, above some P-38"s dog fighting. The UFO was in a stationary position, with no wings, engines or rocket blast. After fifty-six years of observation of our skies, nothing like this has ever shown up as a Military Aircraft, so it must have been an Alien spacecraft. In recent years I have seen private videos of the same type of craft, that I observed in 1944, now thought to be an Alien spacecraft.

My next sighting came in 1969 as Tom Lemons and I was traveling west on I-70 in northern Ohio. We were near the infamous Wright-Patterson Air Base and the time was late afternoon, about 4 PM. All of a sudden, out of nowhere, appeared a silver disk, rolling along the tree tops about two miles north of us, the disk appeared to be traveling about two to three hundred miles per hour. The disk had no marking to identify it. It just looked like a silver pie plate. I called it to Tommy’s attention and neither of us had ever seen such an aircraft. The disk then suddenly turned on its side, taking on the appearance of two saucers put together. Then the disk sped out of sight going into deep space, in a matter of moments. We both commented on the aerodynamic shape of the craft. Also it’s maneuverability, and the speed at which it was able to attain in such a short time. We both thought at the time it was some kind of new advanced design fighter plane from the Wright-Patterson base. We searched the newspapers the next day for the story but thirty years later, nothing like this has ever been disclosed to the public. From what I remember from 1969, the craft looked exactly like the one that Bob Lazar worked on in area 51, during 1988, of which he later had a poster drawn, more on Bob Lazar later.

The third sighting occurred in 1997, around 10 AM. My wife and I were traveling South on I-75 in South Georgia, returning from a Super Chevy Show in Memphis TN. I was driving the 1996 Dodge Dually truck and I happened to notice to my left at about ten o-clock some kind of aircraft traveling through the atmosphere, not only leaving a short vapor trail, but also causing a disturbance in front of the craft. To the naked eye it looked like a giant comet, only very close to earth. I called it to my wife’s attention and she was very impressed. Then the craft appeared to stop, as the vapor trail behind it dissipated, it looked like a glowing ball with a vaporous ring around it. But now it got smaller and smaller real quick! It was headed into deep space at tremendous speed. This was the same way the craft in Ohio disappeared in 1969.

My last sighting occurred May 17th 2001 aboard a TWA flight to St Louis. I was looking out the window of the right side of the aircraft when suddenly appeared a very bright light about 2000 feet above us and it was traveling about the same speed. All of a sudden it disappeared and then reappeared about a hundred or so miles away and then it appeared to be moving very fast. Of course to get to the second position as quick as it did it would have had to attain a speed of at least 1500-MPH! During this encounter a conventional aircraft passed us in the opposite direction below our aircraft, so I know I was not confusing the bright light for a conventional aircraft. The UFO sped away and I did not see it again.

These sighting have caused me to pursue the Alien phenomenon for the last decade. As far as I know, neither my wife nor I have ever seen an Alien being or been abducted. However we can’t be certain as several races of Alien look exactly like humans, only much smarter! You know what I’m talking about, Bill Clinton and Alan Greenspan comes to mind!?

The Big Picture

This is my opinion as I see it from my studies and observations. Remember I’m only going to hit the high spots, as it would take weeks to cover the issue completely. I know this scenario is not 100% accurate, it can’t be. However it’s a lot closer than you have been taught in the Government Schools about the history of this planet and the origin of the human race. "Everything You Know Is Wrong"(This is a very good book by Lloyd Pye, 800-444-2524)?

Zechari Sitchin and the Anunnaki

Zechari says in his book "The Twelfth Planet" that we have to start by going back 432 thousand years. According to the ancient Sumerian records, a party of "humanoid" explorers touched down on planet earth somewhere in the Middle East in the area of the Sini Desert. They were a very old and intelligent race of being from a planet supposedly in our solar system! Their planet has an elliptical orbit of 3600 years. One orbit is called a "Shar" and the planet only stays in our vicinity about 20 years. During this time of close proximity, great geophysical damage is done to the earth due to the gravitational pull of this larger than earth planet. The name of this planet is "Nibiru" and its humanoid beings call themselves "Anunnaki". The last time Nibiru passed through was about 200 BC, or about the time of Christ. It should return about 3000 AD, hang on! Not to worry, we won’t be here. Their leader is called "Anu" and has been for over 500 thousand years! These beings have very long life spans to say the least. A one hundred thousand-year-old Anunnaki is considered a young man. More on this long life span theory later. Zechari thinks they look like us except they are light skinned and either blond or redhead, taller perhaps. Other researchers think these Aliens are reptiles! Sounds crazy, doesn’t it? But stay with me, there’s a lot more to come. All that I have told you so far flies right in the face of science, conventional history, and of course all modern religions. But there is proof, beyond any shadow of a doubt, read on.
































なぜするべきであるか それら 私達は、私達の雌牛、馬、またはブタを攻撃しないか!




































全体の「本」は、「人」〈し それら 神 、それらがであったと思う〉によりオリジナルのテキストから取り除かれたか?




























私は1944年に私の最初のUFOを見て、私は、それがそうである時間にエイリアン クラフトがいたと知らなく、私はわずか12歳であり、子供の時に、それが軍隊陸軍航空隊のためにある種類の秘密の飛行機であったと思った。



















妻と私は、メンフィスTNでスーパー シェビー・ショーから戻って、サウスジョージアでI-75の上の南を旅行していた。















































Note the two pyramids in the NASA name.



Supposedly Buzz Aldron With Masonic Sash and Apron


These pictures are staged. Notice the structure in the background reflecting in the astronauts visor. This is the same pose used in the Masonic garb above. Even the arm positions are the same. The below picture is the official NASA release of the same three above. This suggests that some or all of the? moon landings were staged.







Notice the difference?


When the astronauts landed on the Moon they tried to do core drillings. They were only able to drill down about twelve inches and they hit solid titanium! This is impossible for a naturally formed planet/moon. The Moon is an artificial satellite, built by intelligent beings. I know this sounds bazaar but what is the alternative? We have further proof, when the astronauts blasted off the Moon, they separated the first stage and let it fall back to the Moon surface. The seismographic instruments that they had put in place while on the Moon surface recorded a loud gong and the Moon reverberated for five hours after the expended rocket had hit the surface! The Moon is obviously hollow, a titanium sphere, built by someone or something and for what??

Neil Armstrong attended a scientific conference in London England a few years ago and the press knew what hotel he was to stay in and the precise room. They set up listening devises in the room next door to spy on Armstrong’s private conversations. Neil had a professor visit him one evening. The first question out of the professor’s mouth was "What happened to all the Moon projects, colonies, telescopes, low gravity factories. Neil said, "They warned us off, their ships were so much larger and much higher tech, we didn't have a chance". They told us, "scoop up a few rocks and go home, the Moon is off limits!" Aliens, what you never really wanted to know!

















Newt World Order

Bush and co paving the way for power mad freaks like Gingrich

Steve Watson


Thursday, November 30, 2006

Newt Gingrich's latest attack on the First Amendment is a revealing insight into the long term agenda of elite minds in America today. Those who would be successors to the Bush Administration are even more bent on power and dominance and they see absolutely no place for the freedoms America was founded on to continue to exist under their leadership.

At a dinner honouring the sanctity of the First Amendment this week, Newt Gingrich stood up and gave a talk about restricting freedom of speech.

Gingrich stated:

"My Prediction to you is that either before we lose a city or, if we are truly stupid, after we lose a city, we will adopt rules of engagement that use every technology that we can find to break up their capacity to use the internet, to break up their capacity to use free speech, and to go after people who want to kill us to stop them recruiting people before they get to reach out and convince young people to destroy their lives while destroying us."

"I want to suggest to you right now that we should empanelling people to look seriously at a level of supervision that we would never dream of if it were not for the scale of this threat. This is a serious long term war and it will lead us to want to know what is said in every suspect place in the country, it will lead to us to learn how to close down every website that is dangerous."

“We should propose a Geneva Convention for fighting terrorism, which makes very clear that those who would fight outside the rules of law, those who would use weapons of mass destruction, and those who would target civilians are, in fact, subject to a totally different set of rules that allow us to protect civilization by defeating barbarism before it gains so much strength that it is truly horrendous.”

Keith Olbermann devoted a section of his Countdown program to Gingrich's abomination and commented "If you're going to destroy freedom of speech Bub, you've already lost all the cities.", whilst comparing the speech to the rhetoric of Nazi politicians in Germany in the 1930s.












George Washington University Law Professor and Constitutional Law Expert Jonathan Turley joined Olbermann and warned:

"This could actually happen, the first Amendment is an abstraction and when you put up against it the idea of incinerating millions of people, there will be millions of citizens that respond, like some Pavlovian response, and deliver up rights, we've already seen that. People don't seem to appreciate that you really can't save a constitution by destroying it."

This is not some crackpot peddling a nonsense idea that we should simply laugh off, this is the former speaker of the House who is also gearing up for a 2008 Presidential run. Turley continued:

"What you see here I think is the insatiable appetite that has developed amongst certain leaders for controlling American society. We saw that with John Ashcroft not long after 9/11 when he said that critics were aiding and abetting terrorists. There is this insatiable appetite that develops when you feed absolute power to people like Gingrich. And people should not assume that these are going to just be fringe candidates in this will never happen. Fear does amazing things to people and it can cause a sort of self mutilation in a democracy where we give up the very things, the very rights that define us and theoretically the very things that we are defending."

Gingrich served as a Member of Congress for 20 years and as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1995-1999. His "Contract with America" was sold to the nation as a remedy for big government, committed to shrinking the size and cost of government. But instead the Contract called for the exact opposite: balance the budget with a loophole-filled amendment that would reflect ill of the Constitution instead of Congress; expand NATO; deliver more crime control power to the federal government; federalize a host of laws dealing with children; etc.


ジョージワシントン大学法教授とConstitutional Law Expert Jonathan Turleyを、Olbermannに加わって、警告しました:




In addition Gingrich is a member of the Senior Advisory Board of the United States Commission on National Security/21st Century that has produced a series of reports that document the agenda for national security challenges as far out as 2025.

So essentially when he says he "predicts" the evisceration of the First Amendment, he is quoting actual government strategy for the next twenty years.

Gingrich, a regular attendee of the annual Summer camp at the Bohemian Grove, and long term CFR member, has previously openly referred
to anyone who oppose Bush-Republican Neo-Conservative madness as being part of an "insurgency"

Gingrich also stated recently
that "It's not an insult[ ]" to compare Bush administration critics "to those who enabled Hitler"

Open and truly democratic governments don't view their political opponents as "enemies" whose opposition is looked upon as an "insurgency", and they certainly don't feel a need to be at war with the people they govern. For Gingrich, and the entire Neo-Conservative movement; however, the reality is that the American people are increasingly questioning their "right to rule" and are, therefore, considered enemies or, as Newt Gingrich more aptly said, an "insurgency".

Gingrich has also previously said the third world war has already begun
and that the United States must do everything in its power to bring about regime change in Iran
, even if it means invading that nation.

"This is 1935 and [Iranian president] Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is as close to Adolf Hitler as we’ve seen. We now know who they are -- the question is who we are. Are we Baldwin or Churchill?" Gingrich said, noting that Churchill recognized the danger from Nazi Germany and urged that Britain prepare to meet it.

No Newt, this is 2006 and YOU are the closest thing to Adolf Hitler we've seen.

Gingrich went on to state that Tehran could be planning for a preemptive nuclear electromagnetic pulse attack on America that would turn a third or more of the country "back to a 19th century level of development."

He said the "extraordinary challenge that the current regime in Iran poses to the safety of the United States" requires "extraordinary measures to meet it."

The idea that Iran has nuclear electromagnetic pulse weapons is utterly ludicrous. In Fact the CIA has concluded that there is absolutely no evidence
that Iran has any form of hostile nuclear weapons program. The level to which this traitor is twisting reality to fit his own crazy notion of the way the world operates is indicative of the Straussian
global outlook that we have come to see so clearly adopted by the so called neoconservative movement.




ギングリッチも、最近、その「それは、侮辱ではありません[ ]」ことが「ヒトラーに許可を与えた人々に」ブッシュ政権批評家を比較すると述べました








Like Plato, Strauss taught that within societies, "some are fit to lead, and others to be led", according to Shadia Drury, author of 1999's Leo Strauss and the American Right
. But, unlike Plato, who believed that leaders had to be people with such high moral standards that they could resist the temptations of power, Strauss thought that "those who are fit to rule are those who realize there is no morality and that there is only one natural right, the right of the superior to rule over the inferior".

We have previously exposed how many major influences on the Bush Administration and leading Neoconservative think tanks are followers of Strauss. In addition to Gingrich himself, former Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, Weekly Standard chief editor William Kristol, His father Irving, and Gary Schmitt, founder, chairman and director of the Project for the New American Century (PNAC).

Leo Strauss was also a strong believer in the "Realism" form of International Relations made prominent by Thomas Hobbes
. Like Hobbes, he thought that human nature was intrinsically aggressive and could be restrained only through a State formed via a powerful military industrial complex . "Because mankind is intrinsically wicked, he has to be governed," he once wrote. "Such governance can only be established, however, when men are united - and they can only be united against other people."

"Strauss thinks that a political order can be stable only if it is united by an external threat," Drury wrote in her book. "Following Machiavelli, he maintains that if no external threat exists, then one has to be manufactured. This is what Henry Kissinger was referring to in that often quoted statement he made about creating external future threats in order to guard the world order he wishes to see become more prevalent and powerful, the system we often refer to as the "New World Order". Thus for the Neocons, when the Soviet Empire weakened and a Unipolar world order was emerging, a new threat had to be there lurking to allow them to further their Straussian vision.


我々は、以前、ブッシュ政府と主要なNeoconservativeシンクタンクに対する多くの大きな影響がシュトラウスの支持者である方法を公開しました。ギングリッチ自身に加えて、前副ポールウォルフォウィッツ国防長官、Weekly Standard編集長ウィリアムクリストル、主の父アーヴィングとゲイリーシュミットは失敗します。そして、Projectの議長と責任者がNew American Century(PNAC)に賛成です。

レオシュトラウスは、トーマスホッブズによって著名にされるインターナショナルRelationsの「リアリズム」形の強い信奉者でもありました。ホッブスの様に、彼は人間性が本質的に積極的であると思って、強力な軍のコンビナートを通して作られる州だけを通って、制止されることができました。「人類が本質的に邪悪であるので、彼は支配されなければなりません」と、彼がかつて書きました。「しかし、そのような自治は確立されることができるだけである。そのとき、男性は団結します - そして、彼らは他の人に対して団結することができるだけである。」

「シュトラウスは、それが外部の脅威によって連合する場合だけ、政治秩序が安定していることがありえると思います」と、ドゥルーリーが彼女の本で書きました。「マキアベリの後で、彼は外部の脅威が存在しないならば、人が製造されなければならないと主張します。これは、ヘンリーキッシンジャーが彼が彼がより一般的で強力になるのを見たい世界秩序を守るために外部の将来の脅威をつくることについてしたそのしばしば引合いに出された声明の中で言及していたもの(我々がしばしば「New World Order」と称するシステム)です。このようにNeoconsのために、弱められるソビエト帝国とUnipolar世界秩序が出てきていたとき、新しい脅威が彼らが彼らのリヒャルトシュトラウス愛好家視野を進めるのを許すために潜んでそこになければなりませんでした。

"In Strauss' view, you have to fight all the time [to survive]," said Drury. "In that respect, it's very Spartan. Peace leads to decadence. Perpetual war, not perpetual peace, is what Straussians believe in." Such views naturally lead to an "aggressive, belligerent policy", she added.

The Bush administration is paving the way for even more authoritarian minds to take over the higher echelons of leadership in America. They are, whether wittingly or unwittingly, putting into place the tools that would be dictators know they can use to eviscerate freedom and seize power.

The Patriot Act and the Military Commissions Act and prime examples of such legislation. Whilst Bush's Homeland Security goes after the toy store owners and topless bar managers, a Gingrich Administration would look toward shutting down the entire blogosphere for engaging in critical debate.

As Keith Olbermann comments, "When you talk about closing down internet sites, who is the one who is going to decide which those are?"

The Neoconservatives currently occupying the White House are puppies compared with the ones that want to occupy it. Bush, Cheney, Rice, Bolton etc are converts to the Neoconservative vision. More than anything they have embraced Neoconservativism because its philosophy fits neatly with their goal for corporate plundering and unquestionable power. It is debatable whether they truly buy into neoconservativism or are simply using it as a tool.

The true students of the movement are the Newt Gingrich's of this world. The "Internationalists" that make up the Council On Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. These people truly believe that the American people do not have the capacity to self govern and that they need to be deceived into believing they are free when in actual fact they are ruled over with an iron fist.



そのような法律のパトリオット法とMilitary Commissions法と適例。ブッシュの国土安全保障がおもちゃの店のオーナーとトップレスのバーマネージャを求める間、ギングリッチ政府は批評の議論に乗り出すために全てのブロゴスフィアを閉鎖することの方を見ます。





Kissinger to Serve As Papal Adviser?

2006 11 30

Furthermore, like the Pope, Kissinger has analyzed the challenges of globalization and might provide advice in this area as well.

“The idea [of his appointment] sounds like a good one,” said veteran Vatican journalist Sandro Magister. “But so would it also be to consult other experts on geopolitics with different orientations.”

As possible expert advisers with different perspectives, Magister listed Catholic philosopher and former diplomat Michael Novak; Bernard Lewis, professor of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University; and foreign policy experts such as Charles Kupchan and G. John Ikenberry.

Expert Advice

The recruitment of Kissinger would not be unprecedented. Experts from a variety of disciplines, including the realm of economics, politics and philosophy, are regularly invited to advise popes and Vatican officials on current affairs.

Pope John Paul II was close friends with Zbigniew Brzezinski, the Polish-born national security adviser to President Jimmy Carter, partly because both had a common Polish heritage (though this caused the Soviets to suspect the Vatican of “fixing” the election of Karol Wojtyla, which occurred during the Carter presidency).

Similarly to John Paul and Brzezinski, Benedict and Kissinger are close in age and were both born in Bavaria (a Jew, Kissinger and his family fled Nazi Germany before World War II).

In recent years, other figures invited to share their expertise with the Holy See have included Paul Wolfowitz, a former President Bush adviser and now president of the World Bank; Michel Camdessus, the former director of the International Monetary Fund; American economist Jeffrey Sachs and Hans Tietmeyer, former governor of Germany’s central bank.

The pontifical academies also regularly call on academic luminaries as consultants, such as Nobel laureates Gary Becker, the successor to Milton Friedman at the Chicago School of Economics, and Italian medical researcher Rita Levi-Montalcini.

In comments to the Register, Novak said that “many, maybe most” of these experts are not Catholic, but that the Pope “can call in certain experts he wants to talk to, or hear a paper from, with discussion in a small group.”

Novak said this is true of both Benedict XVI and John Paul II, whom he described as having “very curious and searching minds.”

Any appointment of Kissinger is likely to cause some unease, however. One Iranian radio station is already reporting the news as a “papal-Jewish conspiracy,” while others object to the Pope consulting with someone who has been widely identified with the realpolitik school of political analysis, an approach that places practical considerations before morality.

By Edward Pentin | ncregister.com

Pope Benedict XVI has invited Henry Kissinger, former adviser to Richard Nixon, to be a political consultant and he accepted.

Over the course of his long and controversial career, former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger has had many titles. Now he reportedly has one more ? adviser to the Pope.

According to the Italian newspaper La Stampa, Pope Benedict XVI has invited the 83-year-old former adviser to Richard Nixon to be a political consultant, and Kissinger has accepted.

Quoting an “authoritative” diplomatic source at the Holy See, the paper reported Nov. 4 that the Nobel laureate was asked at a recent private audience with the Holy Father to form part of a papal “advisory board” on foreign and political affairs.

As the Register went to press, Kissinger’s office was unable to confirm or deny the report. La Stampa stood by its story, although the Italian press is less rigorous in its authentication of stories as is the United States Press.

If true, there is speculation on which issues Kissinger would advise the Holy Father. Relations with Islam, Palestine and Israel, and Iraq ? Kissinger has been critical of the conduct of the war but opposes a quick withdrawal ? are likely to be high up on the agenda.

It has also been speculated that, in view of the Muslim hostility to Benedict’s recent Regensburg speech, Kissinger might provide advice on dealing with an increasingly fractious Islamic world.


2006 11 30

エドワードPentinによって | ncregister.com


彼の長くて論争の的となる経歴のコースの上に、前アメリカのヘンリーキッシンジャー国務長官は、多くのタイトルを持ちました。彼が伝えられるところではもう1を持つ今、 ? 法王へのアドバイザー。




本当ならば、問題キッシンジャーがローマ教皇に忠告する推測があります。イスラム教、パレスチナとイスラエルとの関係とイラク ? キッシンジャーは戦争の運営に批判的だったが、速い撤回に反対します ? かなり高い所に課題に関してありそうです。




異なる展望をもつ考えられる専門家のアドバイザーとして、Magisterはカトリック哲学者と元外交官マイケルノバックをリストしました;バーナードルイス、プリンストン大学のNear Eastern Studiesの教授;そして、外交政策の専門家(例えばチャールズKupchanとG・J・アイケンベリー)。










‘Different Voices’

Yet like Pope John Paul II, Benedict XVI is winning recognition for his intellectual ability and his capacity to discuss international issues with a diverse spectrum of world figures, ranging from the Dalai Lama to the late atheist polemicist Oriana Fallaci and to Mustapha Cherif, an Algerian Muslim philosopher whom he met this month.

“Such an appointment would really show Benedict XVI to be contrary to his media image, as someone who’s willing to listen to other voices not in accordance with his views,” said one Holy See diplomat about the reported enlistment of Kissinger as a papal adviser. “It’s always helpful to hear different voices offering different views.”







Ancient Moon 'computer' revisited

2006 11 30


By Jonathan Fildes | news.bbc.co.uk

The delicate workings at the heart of a 2,000-year-old analogue computer have been revealed by scientists.

The Antikythera Mechanism, discovered more than 100 years ago in a Roman shipwreck, was used by ancient Greeks to display astronomical cycles.

Using advanced imaging techniques, an Anglo-Greek team probed the remaining fragments of the complex geared device.

The results, published in the journal Nature, show it could have been used to predict solar and lunar eclipses.

The elaborate arrangement of bronze gears may also have displayed planetary information.

"This is as important for technology as the Acropolis is for architecture," said Professor John Seiradakis of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki in Greece, and one of the team. "It is a unique device."

However, not all experts agree with the team's interpretation of the mechanism.

Technical complexity

The remains of the device were first discovered in 1902 when archaeologist Valerios Stais noticed a heavily corroded gear wheel amongst artefacts recovered by sponge divers from a sunken Roman cargo ship.

ジョナサンフィルデスによって | news.bbc.co.uk


Antikythera Mechanism(ローマの難破で100年以上前発見される)が、天文サイクルを表示するために、古代のギリシア人によって使われました。







考古学者Valerios Staisが沈んだローマの貨物船からスポンジダイバーによって回収される人工品の間にかなり腐食された歯車に注意したとき、装置の残骸が1902年に最初に発見されました。


A further 81 fragments have since been found containing a total of 30 hand-cut bronze gears. The largest fragment has 27 cogs.

Researchers believe these would have been housed in a rectangular wooden frame with two doors, covered in instructions for its use. The complete calculator would have been driven by a hand crank.

Although its origins are uncertain, the new studies of the inscriptions suggest it would have been constructed around 100-150 BC, long before such devices appear in other parts of the world.

Writing in Nature, the team says that the mechanism was "technically more complex than any known device for at least a millennium afterwards".

Although much of it is now lost, particularly from the front, what remains has given a century's worth of researchers a tantalising glimpse into the world of ancient Greek astronomy.

One of the most comprehensive studies was done by British science historian Derek Solla Price, who advanced the theory that the device was used to calculate and display celestial information.

This would have been important for timing agricultural and religious festivals. Some researchers now also believe that it could have been used for teaching or navigation.

Although Solla Price's work did much to push forward the state of knowledge about the device's functions, his interpretation of the mechanics is now largely dismissed.

A reinterpretation of the fragments by Michael Wright of Imperial College London between 2002 and 2005, for example, developed an entirely different assembly for the gears.

The new work builds on this legacy.

Eclipse function

Using bespoke non-invasive imaging systems, such as three-dimensional X-ray microfocus computed tomography, the team was able to take detailed pictures of the device and uncover new information.

The major structure they describe, like earlier studies, had a single, centrally placed dial on the front plate that showed the Greek zodiac and an Egyptian calendar on concentric scales.






最も広範囲の研究のうちの1つは英国の科学歴史家デリクSolla Priceによってされました。そして、その人は装置が天の情報を計算して、表示するのに用いられたという理論を進めました。


Solla Priceの仕事が装置の機能についての知識の国を推進するのに大いに役立ったけれども、整備士の彼の解釈は現在主に忘れ去られます。






On the back, two further dials displayed information about the timing of lunar cycles and eclipse patterns. Previously, the idea that the mechanism could predict eclipses had only been a hypothesis.

Other aspects are less certain, such as the exact number of cogs that would have been in the complete device.

However, what is left gives an insight into the complexity of the information the mechanism could display.

For example, the Moon sometimes moves slightly faster in the sky than at others because of the satellite's elliptic orbit.

To overcome this, the designer of the calculator used a "pin-and-slot" mechanism to connect two gear-wheels that introduced the necessary variations.

"When you see it your jaw just drops and you think: 'bloody hell, that's clever'. It's a brilliant technical design," said Professor Mike Edmunds.

Planetary display

The team was also able to decipher more of the text on the mechanism, doubling the amount of text that can now be read.

Combined with analysis of the dials, the inscriptions hint at the possibility that the Antikythera Mechanism could have also displayed planetary motions.

"Inscriptions mention the word 'Venus' and the word 'stationary' which would tend to suggest that it was looking at retrogressions of planets," said Professor Edmunds.

"In my own view, it probably displayed Venus and Mercury, but some people suggest it may display many other planets."

One of those people is Michael Wright. His reconstruction of the device, with 72 gears, suggests it may have been an orrery that displayed the motions of the five known planets of the time.

"There is a feature on the front plate that could have made provision for a bearing with a spindle, that carried motion up to a mechanism used to model the planets of Mars, Jupiter and Saturn as well," he told the BBC News website.

"That's how I see it and my reconstruction shows it works well."

Intriguingly, Mr Wright also believes the device was not a one-off.

"The designer and maker of the device knew what they wanted to achieve and they did it expertly; they made no mistakes," he said.

"To do this, it can't have been very far from their every day stock work."

The Antikythera Mechanism will be explored in an episode of Unearthing Mysteries on BBC Radio 4 on 12 December









ダイヤルの分析と結合されて、銘はAntikythera Mechanismが惑星動作を示すこともできたという可能性にほのめかします。




「同様に火星、木星と土星の惑星をモデル化するのに用いられるメカニズムまで運動を伝えたスピンドルで関係に対する準備をすることができた前部金属板の特集記事が、あります」と、彼がBBC Newsウェブサイトに話しました。





Antikythera Mechanismは、12月12日にBBCラジオ4でUnearthing Mysteriesのエピソードで探検されます