FC2ブログ

ガーター騎士団

List of the Knights of the Garter


Contents


Knights
of the Garter, 1348-present


The dates are those of appointment or nomination (app), or investiture or installation (inv).
  • 1 (inv 1348) Edward, Prince of Wales (Founder). Known since 1569 as the "Black Prince." The hero of the battles of Crécy and Poitiers. He died in his father's lifetime.

  • 2 (inv 1348) Henry (Plantagenet), styled "of Lancaster" (Founder). Earl of Derby. Afterwards Duke of Lancaster. Served in the wars against the Scots, the Dutch, and French. Admiral of the Fleet and Steward of England.

  • 3 (inv 1348) Thomas (Beauchamp), 3rd Earl of Warwick (Founder). Marshal of England. Fought at the battles of Crécy and Poitiers.

  • 4 (inv 1348) Sir John de Grailly, Vicomte de Benanges et Castillon. Captal (i.e. Governor) de Buch. One of the Founders of the Order. Fought under the Black Prince at Poitiers.

  • 5 (inv 1348) Ralph, 1st Earl of Stafford (Founder). Served in the Scotch and French wars and in important diplomatic missions in European countries.

  • 6 (inv 1348) William (de Montacute), 2nd Earl of Salisbury. One of the Founders of the Order. In the wars of his time he was chiefly distinguished in naval actions. He was the last survivor of the Founders.

  • 7 (inv 1348) Roger (Mortimer), 3rd Earl of March (Founder). Attended the King into France while yet under age and served later in expeditions under John of Gaunt.

  • 8 (inv 1348) Sir John de Lisle, afterwards 1st Lord Lisle de Rougemont. One of the Founders of the Order. Granted a manor at the age of 17 to enable him to serve in the wars, in which he won great fame.

  • 9 (inv 1348) Sir Bartholomew Burghersh (Founder). Served with distinction in the French wars.

  • 10 (inv 1348) Sir John Beauchamp (Founder). Afterwards Lord Beauchamp de Warwick. He carried the Standard Royal at the battle of Crécy Present at the surrender of Calais and the battle of Sluys.

  • 11 (inv 1348) John, 2nd Lord Mohun. One of the Founders of the Order. Served in the wars under the Black Prince.

  • 12 (inv 1348) Sir Hugh Courtenay. One of the Founders of the Order. Served with the King in France.

  • 13 (inv 1348) Sir Thomas Holland (Founder). Afterwards 1st Earl of Kent. Married the "Fair Maid of Kent", widow of the Black Prince. In chief command of the van at the battle of Crécy.

  • 14 (inv 1348) Sir John Grey (Founder). Distinguished in the French wars.

  • 15 (inv 1348) Sir Richard Fitz-Simon (Founder). One of the three who stood over the Black Prince when struck down at the battle of Crécy

  • 16 (inv 1348) Sir Miles Stapleton. One of the Founders of the Order. Fought at the siege of Calais and at the Battle of Crécy.


  • 省略~

  • 829 (app 6.8.1905) Charles Henry (Gordon-Lennox), 7th Duke of Richmond and 2nd Duke of Gordon (1845-1928).

  • 830 (app 4.11.1905, inv 1906) Mutsuhito, Emperor of Japan.

  • 831 (app 7.9.1906) Prince Frederick, Grand-Duke of Baden.

  • 832 (27.9.1906) Charles Robert (Wynn-Carrington), 1st Earl Carrington. Afterwards Marquess of Lincolnshire. Lord Privy Seal.

  • 833 (app 9.11.1906) Haakon VII, King of Norway (1872-1957). Married the Princess Maud, youngest daughter of Edward VII.

  • 834 (app 1.5.1908) Robert Offley Ashburton (Crewe-Milnes), 1st Earl of Crewe. Secretary of State for the Colonies. Lord Privy Seal. Lord President of the Council.

  • 835 (app 27.6.1908) William George Spencer Scott (Compton), 5th Marquess of Northampton.

  • 836 (app 24.2.1909) John George (Lambton), 3rd Earl of Durham.

  • 837 (app 21.7.1909) William Waldegrave, 2nd Earl of Selborne. First Lord of the Admiralty. High Commissioner of South Africa.

  • 838 (app 19.11.1909) Manoel II, King of Portugal (1889-1932).

  • 838bis (app 3.6.1910) Mary, Queen Consort. Daughter of Francis, Duke of Teck. Married George V.

  • 839 (app 15.12.1910, inv 1911) Gilbert John (Elliot), 4th Earl of Minto. Governor-General of Canada. Viceroy of India.

  • 840 (app 10.3.1911) Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria (1821-1912). His banner and crest were never placed in the Chapel.

  • 841 (app 23.6.1910, inv 1911) Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, PRINCE OF WALES. Afterwards EDWARD VIII, King of Great Britain. Created Duke of Windsor after his abdication.

  • 842 (app 19.6.1911) Adolf Friedrich V, Grand-Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1848-1914).

  • 843 (app 19.6.1911, inv 1912) John Douglas Sutherland (Campbell). 9th Duke of Argyll. Governor General of Canada. Married the Princess Louise, 4th daughter of Queen Victoria.

  • 844 (app 19.6.1911) Alexander William George (Duff), 1st Duke of Fife. Governor-General of Canada. Married the Princess Louise, afterwards Princess Royal, eldest daughter of Edward VII.

  • 845 (app 18.9.1912) Yoshihito, Emperor of Japan.

  • 846 (app 12.2.1912, inv 1913) Sir Edward Grey. Afterwards Viscount Grey of Falloden. Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

  • 847 (app 19.7.1913) Charles Robert, 6th Earl Spencer.

  • 848 (app 9.5.1914) Christian X, King of Denmark (1870-1947).

  • 849 (app 22.6.1914) William (Lygon), 7th Earl Beauchamp. Lord President of the Council.

  • 850 (app 4.12.1914) Albert I, King of the Belgians (1875-1934).

  • 851 (app 1.1.1915) Edward George Villiers (Stanley), 17th Earl of Derby. Secretary of State for War.

  • 852 (app 1.1.1914, inv 1915) Edwyn Francis (Scudamore-Stanhope), 10th Earl of Chesterfield.

  • 853 (app 3.6.1915) Horatio Herbert, Earl Kitchener of Khartoum. Field Marshal. Served in the Soudan, South Africa, and World War I. Secretary of State for War.

  • 854 (app 1.1.1916) George Nathaniel, Earl Curzon of Kedleston. Afterwards Marquess. Viceroy of India. Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

  • 855 (app 1.1.1916) Victor Christian William (Cavendish), 9th Duke of Devonshire (1868-1938). Governor General of Canada.

  • 856 (app 1.1.1916) Charles, Lord Hardinge of Penshurst. Viceroy of India.

  • 857 (app 14.12.1916) Prince Albert Frederick George. Afterwards Duke of York, and subsequently GEORGE VI, King of Great Britain.

  • 858 (app 14.3.1917) James Edward Hubert (Gascoyne-Cecil), 4th Marquess of Salisbury (1861-1947). President of the Board of Trade. Lord Privy Seal.

  • 859 (app 14.3.1917) Thomas Henry (Thynne), 5th Marquess of Bath.

  • 860 (app 3.6.1918) Henry John Brinsley (Manners), 8th Duke of Rutland (1852-1925).

  • 861 (app 9.12.1919) Charles Stewart Henry (Vane-Tempest-Stewart), 7th Marquess of Londonderry.

  • 862 (app 16.2.1921) Alfred, Viscount Milner. Secretary of State for War, and for the Colonies. High Commissioner of South Africa.

  • 863 (app 31.3.1921) Prince Henry William Frederick Albert (1900-74). Cr. 1928 Duke of Gloucester. 3rd son of George V.

  • 864 (app 27.2.1922) Henry George Charles, Viscount Lascelles (1882-1947). Afterwards 6th Earl of Harewood. Married the Princess Victoria. Alexandra Alice Mary, only daughter of King George V, afterwards Princess Royal of England.

  • 865 (app 3.3.1922) Arthur James, Earl Balfour. First Lord of the Treasury and Prime Minister.

  • 866 (app 20.12.1923, inv 1924) Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund. Cr. 1934 Duke of Kent (1902-42). 4th son of George V.

  • 867 (app 4.5.1924) Ferdinand, King of Romania (1865-1927).

  • 868 (app 30.4.1925) Edmund Bernard (Fitzalan-Howard), Viscount Fitzalan of Derwent. Viceroy of Ireland.

  • 869 (app 25.5.1925) Alan Ian (Percy), 8th Duke of Northumberland (1880-1930).

  • 870 (app 9.2.1925) Herbert Henry (Asquith), 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith. Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury.

  • 871 (app 1.12.1925) Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain. Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons.

  • 872 (app 17.4.1928) Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George Cambridge, Earl of Athlone (1874-1957). Formerly known as Prince Alexander of Teck. Married the Princess Alice, daughter of Prince Leopold, 4th son of Queen Victoria. Governor-General of the Union of South Africa. Governor of Windsor Castle.

  • 873 (app 17.4.1928) James Albert Edward (Hamilton), 3rd Duke of Abercorn (1869-1953).

  • 874 (app 17.4.1928) William Henry (Grenfell), 1st Lord Desborough (1855-1945).

  • 875 (app 11.10.1928) Hugh Cecil (Lowther), 5th Earl of Lonsdale (1857-1944).

  • 876 (app 3.5. 1929) Hirohito, Emperor of Japan. Removed in 1941, reinstated by warrant 22 May 1971.

  • 877 (app 7.6.1929) Aldred Frederick George Beresford (Lumley), 10th Earl of Scarborough (1857-1960).

  • 878 (app 3.5.1931) Edward Frederick Lindley (Wood), Lord Irwin (1881-1959). Afterwards 3rd Viscount and 1st Earl Halifax. Viceroy of India. Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

  • 879 (app 3.6.1933) Victor Alexander George Robert, 2nd Earl of Lytton (1871-1947).

  • 880 (app 1.1.1934) James Richard, 7th Earl Stanhope and 13th Earl of Chesterfield (1880-1967).

  • 881 (app 1.1.1935) Charles Alfred Worsley (Pelham), 4th Earl of Yarborough (1859-1936).

  • 882 (app 2.12.1935) Leopold III, King of the Belgians (1901-83).

  • 882bis (app 14.12.1936) Elizabeth, Queen Consort (1900-2002). Daughter of Claude (Bowes-Lyon), 14th Earl of Strathmore, K.G. Married King George VI.

  • 883 (app 11.5.1937) George Herbert Hyde (Villiers), 6th Earl of Clarendon (1877-1955).

  • 884 (app 11.5.1937) Bernard Marmaduke (Howard), 16th Duke of Norfolk (1908-75). Earl Marshal.

  • 885 (app 11.5.1937) William Thomas (Cecil), 5th Marquess of Exeter (1876-1956).

  • 886 (app 11.5.1937) Claude George (Bowes-Lyon), 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1855-1944). Father of Elizabeth, Queen Consort of George VI, King of Great Britain.

  • 887 (app 11.5.1937) Henry Hugh Arthur Fitzroy (Somerset), 10th Duke of Beaufort (1900-84).

  • 888 (app 28.5.1937) Stanley, Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867-1947). Prime Minister. First Lord of the Treasury. Lord Privy Seal. Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.

  • 889 (app 7.11.1938) George II, King of the Hellenes (1890-1947).

  • 890 (app 15.11.1938) Carol II, King of Romania (1893-1953).

  • 891 (app 19.7.1939) Paul, Prince Regent of Yugoslavia (1883-1976).

  • 892 (app 1.1.1941) Edward William Spencer (Cavendish), 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895-1950).

  • 893 (app 11.6.1942) Lawrence John Lumley (Dundas), 2nd Marquess of Zetland (1876-1961).

  • 894 (app 29.10.1943) Victor Alexander John (Hope), 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow (1887-1952).

  • 894bis (app 24.9.1944) Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands (1880-1962).




  • 895 (app 3.12.1946) Christopher (Addison), 1st Viscount Addison (1869-1951).

  • 896 (app 3.12.1946) Robert Arthur (Gascoyne-Cecil), 5th Marquess of Salisbury (1893-1972).

  • 897 (app 3.12.1946) Louis (Mountbatten), 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-79).

  • 898 (app 3.12.1946) Alan Francis (Brooke), 1st Viscount Alanbrooke (1883-1963).

  • 899 (app 3.12.1946) Charles Frederick Algernon (Portal), 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford (1893-1971).

  • 900 (app 3.12.1946) Harold Rupert Leofric George (Alexander), 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis (1891-1969).

  • 901 (app 3.12.1946) Bernard Law (Montgomery), 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (1887-1976).

  • 901bis (app 1947) Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (b. 1926). Subsequently Queen ELIZABETH II.

  • 902 (app 19.11.1947) Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (b. 1921).

  • 903 (app 12.3.1948) William Arthur Henry (Cavendish-Bentinck), 7th Duke of Portland (1893-1977).

  • 904 (app 12.3.1948) William George Arthur (Ormsby-Gore), 4th Baron Harlech (1885-1964).

  • 905 (app 12.3.1948) Lawrence Roger (Lumley), 11th Earl of Scarborough (1896-1969).

  • 906 (app 12.3.1948) Betram Francis (Gurdon), 2nd Baron Cranworth (1877-1964).

  • 907 (app 9.4.1951) Gerald (Wellesley), 7th Duke of Wellington (1885-1972).

  • 908 (app 9.4.1951) Hugh William (Fortescue), 5th Earl Fortescue (1888-1958).

  • 909 (app 9.4.1951) Wentworth Henry Canning (Beaumont), 2nd Viscount Allendale (1890-1956).

  • 910 (app 8.5.1951) Frederik IX, King of Denmark (1899-1972).

  • 911 (app 5.12.1952) William Spencer (Leverson-Gower), 4th Earl Granville (1880-1953).

  • 912 (app 24.4.1953) Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874-1965).

  • 913 (app 28.6.1954) Gustaf VI Adolf, King of Sweden (1882-1973).

  • 914 (app 14.10.1954) Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1975).

  • 915 (app 20.10.1954) Robert Anthony (Eden), 1st Earl of Avon (1897-1977).

  • 916 (app 23.4.1955) Rupert Edward Lee (Guinness), 2nd Earl of Iveagh (1874-1967).

  • 917 (app 7.4.1956) Clement Richard (Attlee), 1st Earl Attlee (1883-1967).

  • 918 (app 23.4.1957) Hastings Lionel (Ismay), 1st Baron Ismay (1887-1965).

  • 919 (app 23.4.1957) Michael Guy Percival (Willoughby), 11th Baron Middleton (1887-1970).

  • 919bis (app 25.3.1958) Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands (1909-2004).

  • 920 (app 26.7.1958) Charles Philip Arthur George, Prince of Wales (b. 1948).

  • 921 (app 23.4.1959) William Joseph (Slim), 1st Viscount Slim of Yarralumla (1891-1970).

  • 922 (app 23.4.1959) Hugh Algernon (Percy), 10th Duke of Northumberland (1914-88).

  • 923 (app 29.5.1959) Olav V, King of Norway (1903-91).

  • 924 (app 23.4.1960) William (Pleydell-Bouverie), 7th Earl of Radnor (1895-1968).

  • 925 (app 23.4.1960) Edward Kenelm (Digby), 11th Baron Digby (1894-1964).

  • 926 (app 2.5.1962) John de Vere (Loder), 2nd Baron Wakehurst (1895-1970).

  • 927 (app 14.5.1963) Baudouin I, King of the Belgians (1930-93).

  • 928 (app 9.7.1963) Paul I, King of the Hellenes (1901-64).

  • 929 (app 16.9.1963) Gerald Walter Robert Templer (1898-1979).

  • 930 (app 10.4.1964) Albert Victor (Alexander), 1st Earl Alexander of Hillsborough (1885-1965).

  • 931 (app 10.4.1964) Charles John (Lyttelton), 10th Viscount Cobham (1909-77).

  • 932 (app 23.4.1965) Basil Stanlake (Brooke), 1st Viscount Brookeborough (1888-1973).

  • 933 (app 23.4.1965) Edward Ettindene (Bridges), 1st Baron Bridges (1892-1969).

  • 934 (app 23.4.1968) Derek (Heathcoat Amory), 1st Viscount Amory (1899-1981).

  • 935 (app 23.4.1968) William Philip (Sidney), 1st Viscount De L'Isle (1909-91).

  • 936 (app 10.2.1969) Richard Gardiner (Casey), Baron Casey of Berwick (1890-1976).

  • 937 (app 23.4.1969) Alexander Francis St Vincent (Baring), 6th Baron Ashburton (1898-1991).

  • 938 (app 23.4.1970) Francis Oliver (Lyttelton), 1st Viscount Chandos (1893-1972).

  • 939 (app 23.4.1970) Cameron Fromanteel (Cobbold), 1st Baron Cobbold (1904-87).

  • 940 (app 23.4.1970) Edmund Castell Bacon, 13th Bart (1903-1982).

  • 941 (app 23.4.1970) Sir Cennyedd George Traherne (1910-95).

  • 942 (app 23.4.1971) Geoffrey Noel (Waldegrave), 12th Earl Waldegrave (1905-95).

  • 943 (app 23.4.1971) Francis Aunger (Pakenham), 7th Earl of Longford (1905-2001)

  • 944 (app 23.4.1971) Richard Austen (Butler), Baron Butler of Saffron Walden (1902-82).

  • 945 (app 24.4.1972) Hervey (Rhodes), Baron Rhodes (1895-1987).

  • 946 (app 24.4.1972) Evelyn (Baring), 1st Baron Howick of Glendale (1903-73).

  • 947 (app 24.4.1972) Charles Garrett Ponsonby (Moore), 11th Earl of Drogheda (1910-89).

  • 948 (app 13.6.1972) Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1921).

  • 949 (app 23.4.1974) Edward Arthur Alexander (Shackleton), Baron Shackleton (1911-94).

  • 950 (app 23.4.1974) Humphrey (Trevelyan), Baron Trevelyan (1905-85).

  • 951 (app 23.4.1974) John Henry Guy (Nevill), 5th Marquess of Abergavenny (1914-2000)

  • 952 (app 23.4.1976) James Harold (Wilson), Baron Wilson of Rievaux (1916-95). Prime Minister.

  • 953 (app 23.4.1976) Hugh Denis Charles (FitzRoy), 11th Duke of Grafton (b. 1919).

  • 954 (app 23.4.1977) George Rowland Stanley (Baring), 3rd Earl of Cromer (1918-91).

  • 955 (app 23.4.1977) Samuel Charles (Elworthy), Baron Elworthy (1911-93).

  • 956 (app 23.4.1979) Henry Cecil John (Hunt), Baron Hunt (1910-98). Mountaineer.

  • 957 (app 23.4.1979) Paul Meerna Caedwalla Hasluck (1905-93). Governor General of Australia 1969-74.

  • 957bis (app 15.5.1979) Margarethe II, Queen of Denmark (b. 1940).

  • 958 (app 21.4.1980) Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake (1904-83). Prime Minister of New Zealand 1960-72, Governor-General 1977-80.

  • 959 (app 21.4.1980) Sir Richard Amyatt Hull (1907-89). Chief of the Imperial General Staff 1961-65.

  • 960 (app 22.4.1983) Miles Francis Stapleton (FitzAlan Howard), 17th Duke of Norfolk (1915-2002).

  • 961 (app 22.4.1983) Adm. Terence Thornton (Lewin), Baron Lewin (1920-99).

  • 962 (app 22.4.1983) Gordon William Humphreys (Richardson), Baron Richardson of Duntisbourne (b. 1915). Governor of the Bank of England 1973-83.

  • 963 (app 25.5.1983) Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (b. 1946).

  • 964 (app 23.4.1985) Oswald Constantine John (Phipps), 4th Marquess of Normanby (1912-94).

  • 965 (app 23.4.1985) Peter Alexander Rupert (Carrington), 6th Baron Carrington (b. 1919).

  • 966 (app 9.10.1985) Edward, Duke of Kent (b. 1935).

  • 967 (app 23.4.1987) Leonard James (Callaghan), Baron Callaghan of Cardiff (1912-2005). Prime Minister 1976-79.

  • 968 (app 21.4.1988) Philip William Bryce (Lever), 3rd Viscount Leverhulme (1915-2000).

  • 969 (app 21.4.1988) Quinton McGarel (Hogg), Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone (1907-2001).

  • 970 (app 17.10.1988) Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (b. 1938).

  • 970bis (app 28.6.1989) Beatrix, Queen of the Netherlands (b. 1938).

  • 971 (app 23.4.1990) Lavinia Mary, Duchess of Norfolk (1916-95).

  • 972 (app 23.4.1990) Arthur Valerian (Wellesley), 8th Duke of Wellington (b. 1915).

  • 973 (app 23.4.1990) Edwin Noel Westby (Bramall), Baron Bramall (b. 1923). Chief of the General Staff 1979-82.

  • 974 (app 24.4.1992) Edward Richard George Heath (1916-2005). Prime Minister 1970-74.

  • 975 (app 24.4.1992) Matthew White (Ridley), 4th Viscount Ridley (b. 1925). Lord Stewart of the Household.

  • 976 (app 24.4.1992) John Davan (Sainsbury), Baron Sainsbury of Preston Candover (b. 1927).

  • 976bis (app 23.4.1994) Princess Anne, The Princess Royal (b. 1950).

  • 977 (app 23.4.1994) Sir Ninian Martin Stephen (b. 1923). Governor-General of Australia 1982-89.

  • 978 (app 23.4.1994) Robert (Leigh-Pemberton), Baron Kingsdown (b. 1927).

  • 979 (app 23.4.1994) John Francis Harcourt (Baring), 7th Baron Ashburton (b. 1928).

  • 980 (app 22.4.1995) Margaret Hilda (Thatcher), Baroness Thatcher, OM (b. 1925). Prime Minister of the UK 1979-90.

  • 981 (app 22.4.1995) Edmund Percival Hillary, KBE ONZ (b. 1919).

  • 982 (app 23.4.1996) Andrew Robert Buxton (Cavendish), 11th Duke of Devonshire (1920-2004).

  • 983 (app 23.4.1996) Timothy James Alan Colman (b. 1929).

  • 984 (app 23.4.1996) Richard Alexander Walter George, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1944).

  • 985 (app 26.5.1998) Akihito, Emperor of Japan (b. 1933).

  • 986 (app 23.4.1999) James (Hamilton), 5th Duke of Abercorn (b. 1934).

  • 987 (app 23.4.1999) Erskine William Gladstone of Fasque and and Balfour, 7th Bart (b. 1925).

  • 988 (app 23.4.2001) Peter Anthony, Baron Inge (b. 1935). Chief of the General Staff 1992-94.

  • 989 (app 23.4.2001) Sir Anthony Arthur Acland (b. 1930).

  • 990 (app 31.5.2001) King Harald V of Norway (b. 1937).

  • 990bis (app 23.4.2003) Princess Alexandra, the Hon Lady Ogilvy (b. 1936)

  • 991 (app 23.4.2003) Gerald Cavendish, 6th Duke of Westminster, OBE (b. 1951)

  • 992 (app 23.4.2003) Frederick Edward Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, GCB, CVO (b. 1938)

  • 993 (app 23.4.2003) John Morris, Baron Morris of Aberavon, PC, QC (b. 1931).

  • 994 (app 23.4.2005) Thomas Henry Bingham, The Lord Bingham of Cornhill, PC (b. 1933). Former Lord Chief Justice of England.

  • 995 (app 23.4.2005) John Major, CH, PC (b. 1943). Former Prime Minister.

  • 996 (app 23.4.2005) Lady Mary Soames (b. 1922, daughter of Sir Winston Churchill, n. 912).

  • 997 (app 23.4.2006) HRH The Duke of York (b. 1960).

  • 998 (app 23.4.2006) HRH The Earl of Wessex (b. 1964).

  • ガーター勲章(-くんしょう、The Order of the Garter)は、1348年
    エドワード3世
    によって創始されたイングランド
    の最高勲章。本来は、ガーター騎士団(Order of the Garter
    )の一員になるという意味を持つ。


    勲章
    には「Honi soit qui mal y pense」=「思い邪なる者に災いあれ」の文字が記されている。


    伝説ではエドワード3世
    が、貴婦人とダンスを踊っていたとき、貴婦人の靴下止め(ガーター
    )が外れて落ちた。それを見た周りの紳士、淑女は忍び笑いをしたが、エドワード3世は何食わぬ顔でそれを拾い上げ「他人を悪く言う者に災いあれ」と言って自分の足に付けたという。


    また、セントジョージ(聖ゲオルギウス
    )が竜から姫を助けたという伝説にちなみ、リチャード獅子心王
    十字軍
    の時に戦場でガーターを付け、部下にもつけさせた故事からきたとも言う。エドワード3世はセントジョージを好みイングランドの聖人
    とした人なので、これらからガーター勲章を考案したと思われる



  • ガーター騎士団 Order of the Blue Garter  

    創設者エドワード3世 世俗騎士団

    設立1348年の世俗騎士団。

    モットーは『思い悪しき者に災いあれ』

    「青色のガーター(Blue Garter)が正式名称

    シンボルは青リボンでできた靴下留め(ガーター)。

    ウェストミンスター大聖堂には、24名それぞれの紋章が掲揚される。

    それぞれ独自の徽章を持ち、例えばガーター騎士団の徽章は、

    最初の成員はエドワード黒太子ほか24名

    その後は英国皇太子と24名

    とある貴婦人が舞踏会の最中にガーター(靴下留め)を落としたが、

    それをエドワード3世が拾い自分の膝にとめたことが由来。

    その時の言葉が騎士団のモットーである。

    女性でも団員になる資格があり、シンボルは左腕に着用する。男性は左膝下。




  • 蛇足



  • 日本の天皇も貰っており・。しかし、Orderは上下関係を意味するので。日本は英国王室の騎士団の1王国なのか??。



スポンサーサイト



コメントの投稿

非公開コメント

プロフィール

kane552004

Author:kane552004
FC2ブログへようこそ!

最新記事
最新コメント
最新トラックバック
月別アーカイブ
カテゴリ
検索フォーム
RSSリンクの表示
リンク
ブロとも申請フォーム

この人とブロともになる

QRコード
QR