国民を欺むく私有中央銀行制度 その1

?History records that?money changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue, deceit, and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments by controlling money and its issuance.”

President, James Madison


Banking History?


Our banking history is filled with deception, fraud, larceny and treason. To understand the problem of how modern, deceptive banking policy adversely affects every American citizen and is, indeed, antithetical to our great Republic, we must begin with an examination of the historical evolution of the privately owned central banking system. A cursory exploration of this system reveals that from its very inception it, by design, undermines political will and insures a lifetime of feudal-like, debt-based enslavement.




The history of deception

Beneath the yoke of an unending cycle of indebtedness which renders anyone who participates in the economy, at the consumer level, forever beholden to banks, the great majority of Americans spend a life-time of labor, often working at more than one job, not to produce a better life for ourselves and our loved-ones, but in a never-ending struggle to pay-off debt, or simply to pay interest (and very little principle) on so-called loans. This "debt" was literally created from thin air. The lenders risk nothing, because they have, in reality, lent nothing.

Fairness in an economy is defined as receiving an equal measure of compensation for an equal measure of production. Our present economic system
, completely controlled by the policies of enormous private international banking interests, by its very nature, must preclude this simple precept. This scheme exists in our economy today under the direction of a corporation known as the Federal Reserve System

The name Federal Reserve System is, by design, a completely false and deceptive designation given to a private corporation, the purpose of which is to allow the private creation, control and ownership of our nation's currency and assets. This insures unlimited profit for private banking
interests through the irreversible perpetuation and exponential expansion of debt, both public and private





The goldsmith era of banking

An example of how present lending policies came into practice can be traced to goldsmiths of Medieval Europe. Rather than carrying around large quantities of cumbersome gold and silver to pay for goods and services, people found it more convenient to store or "deposit" their hard currency with goldsmiths who would then issue receipts which could be exchanged "upon demand" for the gold or silver on deposit.

?As people began to find it more convenient to simply exchange the receipts directly, among themselves, as payment, they became a widely accepted form of "currency". As this system facilitated trade within the economy, the goldsmiths found that people would hold and exchange the receipts and rarely bring them in for the actual asset - the gold or silver on deposit.

With this realization, the goldsmiths began to produce more receipts (currency) for the assets than they actually had on deposit. By this system of counterfeiting, they found that they could actually control the supply of currency in circulation. By reducing the available supply of money in circulation they would force the borrowers into insolvency and foreclose on property. This system was implemented in cycles which would impoverish the debtors and enrich the goldsmiths.

Throughout the following centuries, attempts to reform these types of practices have provided temporary relief. Through manipulation and centralization of wealth however, this practice is perpetuated in much the same form in our present money system



?人々が単に直接受取高を交換することがより便利であるとわかり始めたので、彼ら自身の間で、支払いとして、彼らは「通貨」の広く認められた形になりました。このシステムが経済の範囲内でトレードを容易にしたので、金細工職人は人々が受取高を持って、交換して、実際の遺産のために彼らをめったに引き入れないとわかりました - 貯蓄して金または銀。



The first central bank of the u.s.

In 1791, a bill sponsored by Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton was passed by Congress. This bill established the largest American corporation of its time, known as the First Bank of the United States. This corporation, controlled almost exclusively by big money interests, was tenured by a charter of 20 years which expired in 1811. Under popular pressure of American citizens who feared the power and influence of such a large and powerful institution, Congress rejected the renewal of this charter.



The second central bank of the u.s.

In 1816, Congress (under the influence of big money supporters) once again chartered a central bank, the Second Bank of the United States. In 1828 however, an ardent and avowed opponent of the central banking concept, Andrew Jackson, was elected President and led a popular campaign against this form of institutionalized economic power which resonated with the American public. The charter expired in 1836 and was not renewed.



The free banking era

During the period spanning the years 1836 to 1865, State chartered banks and privately developed "free banks" became prevalent on the American economic landscape. These banks issued their own currency,? in which only a fraction was redeemable in gold or specie, and offered demand deposits (checking accounts) to facilitate trade and commerce. A rapidly expanding system of check transactions engendered the New York Clearing House Association in 1853 as a vehicle for banks to exchange checks and settle accounts.

There was a prevailing notion (created and propagandized by the banking elite) that some system was necessary to stabilize U.S. currency. The National Banking Act of 1863 provided some remedial effect on economic stabilization, but bank failures and financial panic (a product of deliberate manipulation of the money supply
) produced widespread anxiety about the future of the American economy.




THE NATIONAL Banking ACT of 1863

This act of Congress, passed during the Civil War, established a system of nationally chartered banks and required the currency issued by them to be backed by government securities. The act was subsequently amended to also require the taxation of state currencies, but not of national bank notes. This produced the intended effect of creating a uniform national currency. State banks and their respective currency, non-the-less, continued to expand - primarily in response to the growing popularity of expedient demand deposits (checking accounts).


国会(南北戦争の間、通過される)のこの行為は、全国的に特許銀行のシステムを確立して、通貨が政府発行有価証券によって後退するために彼らによって出ることを義務づけました。行為は、また、州の通貨(国家紙幣でない以外)の課税を必要とするために、その後改められました。これは、均一な国家通貨を生み出す意図された影響を生じました。国立銀行と彼らのそれぞれの通貨(non-the-lessな)は、拡大し続けました - 主に好都合な要求払預金(当座預金)の発達する人気に応じて。